SMS Coronavirus Resource Center

Terms associated with COVID 19


Close contact,

A.k.a Primary contact, i.e., Possible Positive 

Being within 6 feet of a person who has tested positive for COVID 19 (with or without a face mask) for a cumulative total of 15 minutes over 24 hours, during the infectious period beginning 48 hours prior to the onset of symptoms, or if asymptomatic, prior to the positive test result, through 10 full days after symptom onset or the day the test is done..
Secondary contact This is a term used at SMCDS for a person who is/has been in direct proximity to a person defined above as a close contact (i.e., potentially positive person).
COVID 19 Abbreviation for the disease caused by the novel coronavirus SARS CoV-2
EdOC Education Operation Center. An interagency center based at RIDE that coordinates, collaborates, and communicates expertise from a variety of state agencies and experts with schools  (RIDOH, RIAAP, RICSNTA)
Incubation Period  The time between exposure to an infection and the appearance of first symptoms. The virus that causes COVID 19 has an incubation period of 2-14 days. 
Infectious Period


2 days prior to testing (the date the sample was collected) until the end of the 10 day isolation period beginning the day after the sample was obtained AND the resolution of symptoms to almost normal state without the use of medications within the last 24 hours. (If an individual is extremely immunocompromised the isolation period may be 20 days following the day of testing.)
Infectious Period (symptomatic) 2 day before the onset of symptoms through 10 full days of isolation AND the resolution of symptoms without the use of medications in the last 24 hours prior to end of isolation. (For extremely immunocompromised persons this may be 20 days.)
Isolation When a person with COVID 19 must separate themselves from others to prevent the spread of the virus. 

  • 10 days following  the onset of symptoms OR 10 days following the day the positive sample was taken if asymptomatic
  • 20 days if a person is extremely immunocompromised
  • The person with COVID 19 should not leave the house and confine themselves to a living space separate from other household members.  Masks should be worn. If possible separate bathroom facilities should be used and meals should be delivered to the person.
Quarantine  Separating and restricting movement/travel of individuals who are known to have been in close contact with a person who tested positive for or who has probable symptoms of COVID 19 during the infectious period.  Quarantine for close contacts and students on quarantine must stay home and get a PCR test on day 5 or later.
Probable Case A person who develops one of the following symptoms:  new onset cough, shortness of breath/difficulty breathing, loss of taste and or smell.  OR, a person who develops 2 of the following symptoms: fever or chills, headache, sore throat, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, body aches, fatigue, congestion or runny nose.  A person with probable symptoms must have a negative PCR test before returning to school.
MyMedBot daily screening tool An app that assists with communication and the tracking of risk within our community.  We ask community members to report via smart phone or computer: daily symptoms, close contact status, and travel to locations that require quarantines, or visitors from high risk areas who should be quarantining prior to visiting.